Current Date:October 15, 2022

Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering and is considered an evergreen field. 

Civil engineering deals with the construction, design and maintenance of manually or naturally built environments. This includes everything from buildings, roads, dams, bridges, airports and so on. Civil engineers can also help find solutions to some of the most pressing problems we have in our societies such as growing population and urbanization issues, climate change effects, energy and water shortage etc. 

For those with the right skill sets and interests, civil engineering is an excellent career option.  

Future Scope for a Career in Civil Engineering
  • Based on a report by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, there is a demand-supply gap ranging between 82% and 86% of skilled civil engineers. It implies that India needs about 4 million more skilled civil engineers in the coming years.
  • According to a report by Global Market Insights Inc. on Globe Newswire, the Civil Engineering industry is expected to reach a size of $11.72 trillion by 2025.
  • Aging infrastructure ensures that civil engineers have the opportunity to reinforce and rebuild bridges, repair roads, design and build airports and tunnels and upgrade levees and dams.
  • The renewable energy sector will create more job options for civil engineers. They are responsible for conducting required structural analyses, preparing related permit documents and enforcing government regulations.
  • There is immense scope of Civil Engineering in government sectors like ONGC, PWD, Electricity Board, Armed Forces, NHAI, Indian Railways, IOC, Town Planning and BHEL.
  • As part of infrastructural development, the number of smart cities is steadily increasing. Civil engineers have ample opportunities in this field to digitally design urban structures.
Skills Required to Study Civil Engineering
  • Leadership skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Negotiating skills
  • Time management skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Ability to visualize
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Mathematical skills
Careers in Civil Engineering
  • Civil Engineer
  • Structural engineer
  • Geotechnical engineer
  • Site engineer
  • Construction engineer
  • Teacher
  • Architect
  • Technical Officer
  • Manager
  • Business analyst
  • Assistant Executive Engineer
  • Transportation Engineer
  • Water Resource Engineer
  • Structural Engineer
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Civil Engineering Technician
Eligibility to Pursue a Degree in Civil Engineering

Students who passed 10+2 from recognized institutions under the science stream can apply for a bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering.

Entrance Examinations
  • JEE Main & Advanced – held for admission to the top IITs, CFTIs and NITs of India.
  • WBJEE – State-level entrance exam conducted for admission to the various top engineering colleges in West Bengal.
  • MHT CET – State-level entrance exam conducted for admission to the various top engineering colleges in Maharashtra
  • KCET – State-level entrance exam conducted for admission to the various courses in Karnataka.
  • VITEEE – Conducted by Vellore Institute of Technology for admission to various engineering programs.
Top Colleges/Universities in India and Abroad to Study Civil Engineering
  • York College of Pennsylvania, USA
  • BITS Pilani, Dubai Campus, UAE
  • University of Toronto, Canada
  • University of British Columbia, Canada
  • Indian Institute of Technology, India
  • Indian Institute of Technology, India
  • Indian Institute of Technology, India
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, India
  • Amrita School of Engineering, India
  • National Institute of Technology, India

Famous People Connected With Civil Engineering

Duff A. Abrams

American researcher who made various contributions to the composition and properties of concrete. He developed the basic methods for testing concrete characteristics that are still in use today. 

David Anderson 

David Anderson is a Scottish civil engineer and lawyer. He co-founded Mott Hay and Anderson, a successful 20th-century firm of consulting civil engineers based in the United Kingdom.

Top Institutions that Employ People in this Field
  • L&T
  • TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd
  • Schlumberger
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
  • Jacobs Engineering
  • Maytas Infra Ltd
  • Land Transport Authority
  • Shapoorji Pallonji
  • Jones Lang LaSalle
  • Punj Lloyd
  • Akme Projects Ltd
  • DLF Ltd
  • Essar Group

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